Tuesday, December 15, 2009

Signals in Linux

- List of signals: $kill -l
- You can't handle SIGSTOP and SIGKILL. You can't priorities which signal to handle.
- Signals are generated by setting the appropriate bit in the task_struct's signal field. If the process has not blocked the signal and is waiting but interruptible (in state Interruptible) then it is woken up by changing its state to Running and making sure that it is in the run queue. (linuxhq.com)
- Signals that are sent to a process if an illegal flow of execution happens, are synchronous. They are also called trap e.g. illegal memory access.
- Asynchronous signals are also called interrupts and are sent from a process to another process or thread-to-thread.

Monday, December 14, 2009

Some useful questions

- Access privileges for private functions in C++?
- Controlling exclusive access to a variable with two processor and two threads?
- Pattern substitution with sed?
- What is md5?
- When do you allocate memory for static variables?
- Phases of compiler, AST?
- When do we allocate storage for static?
- Data hiding and encapsulation?
- Is Vtable per class/object?
- Difference between COFF and ELF?
- Compiler phase of function in-lining?
- Difference between macro and function in-lining?
- Types of parsers?
- YACC is which parser?
- How lex and yacc work?
- How does linker gets info about static variables?
- How protected specifier works in C++?
- What is memory leak?
- Accessing static outside its scope?
- How assembler works?
- When do we do semantic analysis?
- You have a file with write-only access, and you have N threads. How would you ensure sharing of this file among these threads considering performance a prime concern?
- Singleton class? A real world example.
- How would you classify a file based on contents of the class? How many search keyword in the file are necessary?

Tuesday, December 1, 2009

Bouquet of questions-3

o How can you add attributes in gcc, e.g., changing function call way from cdecl to stdcall?

GCC allows you to attribute your functions with __attribute__ macro.
This macro allows you to write more readable, clean code. I liked,

- __attribute__((destructor))
- __attribute__((constructor))
- __attribute__((warning("Function definition is not found)))

There are plenty of them, check them out at: http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Function-Attributes.html

o What does following code do?

int flag = 2;
int (*fp)(void) __attribute__((cdecl));
void fun() __attribute__((warning("No definition")));
int main(void)
fp = main;
while(flag--) {
int x = (*fp)();